2004.130.12905.1
Sa‘ar nomad

Photographer: Wilfred Patrick Thesiger
Date of Photo: November 20 - December 3, 1947
Continent: Asia
Geographical Area: Western Asia (Middle East and Near East)
Country: Yemen
Region/Place: Hadhramawt Governorate [Muḩāfaz̧at Ḩaḑramawt]; Raydat as Say‘ar [Raydat aş Şay‘ar]
Cultural Group: Bedouin Sa‘ar Bin Maaruf
Format: Film Negative 35mm
Size: 35 mm
Acquisition: Wilfred Patrick Thesiger - Accepted as Art in Lieu of Inheritance Tax by H.M. Government and allocated to the Pitt Rivers Museum, March 2004

Description

Portrait of a man of the Bin Maaruf lineage of Sa‘ar Bedouin in the Raydat as Say'ar.

Publications history

Contemporary Publication - This image has been published in Wilfred Thesiger, 'Wolves of the Desert: The Sa'ar Tribe at the Watering Place', Geographical Magazine, 21 (1948-1949), p.394: 'A Sa'ar tribesman: of a clan "hated and feared by all the South Arabian desert tribes"'. [PG 05/09/2008]

Research Notes

Research Notes - 'The Sa'ar are nominally under the Qaiti Sultan of Mukalla, but are in fact completely independent although they use Shibam as their market. They are a large and powerful Badu tribe who have been aptly described as the wolves of the desert. They are hated and feared by all the south Arabian desert tribes, whom they have harried unmercifully, raiding as far eastward as Mughshin and the Jaddat al// Harasis, and northwards across the Empty Quarter to spoil the Dawsir, the Qahtan and the Murra': W. Thesiger, 'A Further Journey Across the Empty Quarter', Geographical Journal, 113 (1949), pp.21-22. [PG 16/11/2009]

Research Notes - 'The Saar, a large and powerful tribe, have aptly been described as "the wolves of the desert". They were hated and feared by all the south Arabian desert tribes, whom they harried unmercifully, raiding as far eastward as Mughshin and the Jaddat al Harasis, and northwards to the Yam, the Dawasir, and the Murra. Boscawen had hunted oryx in their country in 1931, and Ingrams paid a cursory visit to the edge of their territory in 1934; otherwise no Englishman had been there': Wilfred Thesiger, Arabian Sands (London, 1959), p.188. [PG 17/11/2009]

Research Notes - 'At first sight these bin Maaruf were very different from the other Saar. They wore long white shirts, cut with pointed sleeves which reached to the ground, and head-cloths and head-ropes of northern fashion. They were distinguished too by the herds of she-camels which they kept for breeding and for milk. All their camels were in excellent condition, for they had been on rich grazing near Najran': Wilfred Thesiger, Arabian Sands (London, 1959), p.198. [PG 17/11/2009]